Dr William Gordon Maddox was born on 26 May 1844, the second child of Dr George Maddox (1815-1867) and his wife Emily Elizabeth Lakeland. He was educated at the Launceston Church Grammar School and University College, London. After graduating he worked at the Broadmoor Criminal Lunatic Asylum. He married Maria Grace Schultze, from Wicklow, Ireland, at St George's, Hanover Square, London, on 1 Sep 1869.
On his return to Launceston he was surgeon-superintendent at the Launceston General Hospital in 1869 and 1870 before entering private practice at his home 'Kinross House', 89-95 George Street, Launceston. In partnership with Dr G H Hogg, he was surgeon to the Launceston Volunteers. He was one of the founders of the Northern Tasmanian Cricket Association in 1886.
William and Maria had eight children, all born in Launceston between 1870 and 1882. Maria died aged 40 on 16 Jan 1889. After retiring in 1914 William travelled to England to visit his daughter Mrs Grace Luxmore. With the onset of World War I, he decided to remain there while her husband was on active service, but he died 4 Nov 1916 in Plymouth.
Five of Dr Maddox's children, his sister Clara Maddox, brother James, nephew Charles Maddox and niece Emily Cathcart are also pictured in the Family Album. See The Examiner 27 May 2006, p. 34.